Bald Eagles

Bald Eagles
(Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Bald Eagles

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Interesting Fact:

The Bald Eagle is really not bald like it's name portrays but gets that title because it's head is covered with white feathers which gives the impression of baldness when compared to it's dark feathered body.

Population and Growth:

It's estimated that over 6,000 mating pairs breed in the lower 48 states and far more than that in Canada and Alaska.

How big are Bald Eagle eggs?

About the size of a tennis ball, but oval shaped like an egg normally is of course. A bald eagle egg weighs 120-130 grams. In comparision, a large chicken egg weighs about 50 grams. (28 grams = 1 ounce)

Are the cameras that are used on the eagles nest, shining a light on the eagle all night long?

Yes, they do have a light shining on them all night long. However, the light is called infrared and can't be seen by humans or animals. Only cameras can pick it up. If you walked out to that nest at night it would look pitch black outside.

Is the male the only one hunting for food or do they both hunt?

They both hunt. The female might be on the nest more often when brooding..

What happens to all the inedible stuff - muskrat tails, rabbit skulls and such?

Most of the stuff that isn't eaten - feathers, bones, etc. will remain in the nest.

What is a pip?

A pip hole is a tiny hole that the eaglet inside the egg makes with its "egg tooth" (a sharp little point at the end of its beek) in the outside shell when it first starts to hatch.

When will the baby eaglets take their first flight?

From the time they hatch to the time the fledge is about 10 to 13 weeks.

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Length: 28 - 38 in (71-96cm)
Weight: 6 1/2 - 14 lbs (3.0-6.5kg)
Migration: Partial migrant
Habitat: Near water, incluing rivers, lakes and coastal locations up to an altitude of 6,500 ft.
Population: Scarce

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Information about Bald Eagles:

Once a plentiful species, the Bald Eagle was selected as the national bird of the United States in 1782, however, the population of this magnificent bird dropped drastically in the 20th century due to the use of pesticides, overhunting and pollution of rivers. However, a successful recovery plan was created, and it is currently proposed for removal from the endangered species list.

How do u tell the difference between mom and dad?

The female is larger in size and her wingspan is longer. Also, her back talon(hallux talon) is longer, and she has a bigger, longer beak. The beak may even start behind her eye whereas the male beak may not.

What the Bald Eagle looks like:

The adult Bald Eagle is unmistakable due to the prominent white head, yellow eyes, bill and feet which contrast the dark brown of its wings and back. The juvenile's plumage is not as recongizable as adults and some times can be mistaken as a Golden Eagle. The juvenile will develop into its full adult plumage at 4 years of age.

Winter Feeding Information:

During the winter large numbers of Bald Eagles gather at the spawning grounds of salmon. These Bald Eagles compete against other predatory birds and grizzly bears for the dead and dying fish.